觉悟之路 上座部佛教 Theravada Buddhism

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

搜索
热搜: 上座部 qq

喜戒禅师回答关于业的两个问题(中英对照)

2011-2-16 17:05| 发布者: hejingxi213| 查看: 2057| 评论: 0

摘要: 这是喜戒禅师在关于业的开示中回答学生的提问中的两个问题,对我们很有启示作用,所以翻译过来和大家分享。Q: Can we escape the results of bad kamma?A: There are different kammas. Some give results in the ne ...
这是喜戒禅师在关于业的开示中回答学生的提问中的两个问题,对我们很有启示作用,所以翻译过来和大家分享。

Q: Can we escape the results of bad kamma?
A: There are different kammas. Some give results in the next life; some in lives after that. The ones that gives results in future lives are a store of kamma, which everyone has. We have gone through this samsara (rounds of rebirth) for many aeons, and we have done good things and bad things. Some of the kammas may have given results, but some may have not yet given results. Both good and bad kammas are, in a way, waiting for a chance to give results. Bad kammas give results when they favorable opportunities, favorable circumstances to give results. If you do bad kamma here, then bad kamma from the past is more likely to give results by your doing new bad kamma. But if you do good kamma here and now, you can block, but not eradicate totally, the bad kamma from the past. That is why people are asked to do meritorious deeds.

问:我们能逃脱坏的果报吗?
答:业和业是不一样的。有的业在下一生产生果报,有的在下一生以后。在以后生(注:下一生以后)受报的业是‘已作业',我们每个人都有。我们在轮回中经历了很多劫,做过善事和恶事。有些业已经受报,但另外一些业还没有受报。善业和恶业都在以某种方式等待受报的机会。恶业现前是在有利于恶业受报的机会、条件出现时。如果你现在在这儿造恶业,那么过去的恶业就更有可能因为你现在新做的恶业而现前受报。但如果你现在在这儿造善业,你可能阻挡而不是完全根除过去的恶业。这是为什么要多做善事的原因。

Buddha once put this in the form of a simile. If you put a spoonful of salt in a cup of water, that water becomes very salty. But if you put the same amount of salt in a lake, that water will not be very salty. In this way, when you have a large amount of good kamma, you can counteract or dilute the effects of bad kamma. Only when you attain arahantship (Arahant – one who has attained the highest level of spiritual development, who is free and will not be reborn again) can you completely eradicate the effects of kamma altogether. But we can block the effects of bad kamma here, by doing good deeds. By doing good deeds, we make circumstances unfavorable for the bad kamma from the past to give results.
佛陀曾经打过一个比喻。如果你把一勺盐放在一杯水里,水变得很咸。但如果你把同样数量的盐放入一个湖里,湖水不会那么咸。同样道理,当你有大量的善业,就可对抗或稀释恶业的效果。只有当你证得阿罗汉果(阿罗汉——是获得最高果位的人,他已经了却生死,不再投生)才能完全根除业报。但是我们可以通过做善事阻挡恶业在此现前,通过做善事,我们使得情况不利于过去的恶业的果报出现。

Q: Do negative mental states, such as anger and ill will, always give bad results?
A: Yes, but the results vary in degree according to the intensity of the ill will or hatred. Sometimes the thought of ill will or anger is very small, very fleeting and the results will not be very pronounced. But sometimes the intensity is so great that you may actually kill someone and then get very bad results. It is said in the books that killing a cow is worse than killing a dog or a cat, because to kill a cow takes more effort, since it is bigger. When the being killed is immoral, then you get less bad results. If a person kills one who is very evil, the akusala will not be as bad as if one were to kill a virtuous person. So according to the sila of the person killed, and according to the effort required to kill, the results vary. There are different degrees of kusala and akusala kamma which give varying degrees of corresponding results.  

问:不善的心念,如嗔恨和恶意,总是产生坏的果报吗?
答:是的,但是果报严重程度会随恶意或嗔恨的强度不一样。有时恶意或嗔恨的念头只是小小一点、转瞬即逝,那么果报就不会那么显著。但有时嗔恨心如此之强以至于你实际上会杀人,然后就会得到很坏的果报。书中说杀一头牛比杀一条狗或一只猫更糟,因为牛比较大,杀死牛你要化更多功夫。如果被杀者是无德的,那么你得的恶报少一些。如果一个人杀了一个大恶人,他的恶业不会象杀死一个有德行的人那么重。所以按照被杀人的德行和杀生所需做的努力的大小不同,果报也不同。不同程度的善业、恶业会产生与其程度相应的果报。

鲜花

握手

雷人

路过

鸡蛋

QQ|手机版|小黑屋|觉悟之路 ( 粤ICP备13026064号   粤公网安备 44060802000093号

GMT+8, 2019-8-19 07:33 , Processed in 0.038598 second(s), 17 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

返回顶部