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引起分裂和争论的主因

已有 170 次阅读2018-11-4 16:48 |个人分类:佛经阅读


Appamattako so, ānanda, vivādo yadidaṃ– ajjhājīve vā adhipātimokkhe vā. Magge vā hi, ānanda, paṭipadāya vā saṅghe vivādo uppajjamāno uppajjeyya; svāssa vivādo bahujanāhitāya bahujanāsukhāya bahuno janassa anatthāya ahitāya dukkhāya devamanussānaṃ. 
「阿難!那對極嚴格的生活方式或增上波羅提木叉的諍論是小事,阿難!在僧團中關於道或道跡生起的諍論如果生起,那種諍論會對許多人不利,對許多人不樂,對許多人;天與人無利益、不利、苦。 
http://agama.buddhason.org/MN/MN104.htm

注释书:
Magge vā hi, ānanda, paṭipadāya vāti lokuttaramaggaṃ patvā vivādo nāma sabbaso vūpasammati, natthi adhigatamaggānaṃ vivādo. Pubbabhāgamaggaṃ pana pubbabhāgapaṭipadañca sandhāyetaṃ vuttaṃ.

Tatrāyaṃ nayo – evaṃ bhikkhuṃ manussā lokuttaradhamme sambhāventi. So saddhivihārikādayo āgantvā vanditvā ṭhite pucchati ‘‘ kiṃ āgatatthā ’’ ti. Manasikātabbakammaṭṭhānaṃ pucchituṃ, bhanteti. Nisīdatha, khaṇeneva arahattaṃ pāpetuṃ samatthakammaṭṭhānakathaṃ ācikkhissāmīti vatvā vadati – ‘‘ idha bhikkhu attano vasanaṭṭhānaṃ pavisitvā nisinno mūlakammaṭṭhānaṃ manasi karoti, tassa taṃ manasikaroto obhāso uppajjati. Ayaṃ paṭhamamaggo nāma. So dutiyaṃ obhāsañāṇaṃ nibbatteti, dutiyamaggo adhigato hoti, evaṃ tatiyañca catutthañca. Ettāvatā maggappatto ceva phalappatto ca hotī ’’ ti. Atha te bhikkhū ‘‘ akhīṇāsavo nāma evaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetuṃ na sakkoti, addhāyaṃ khīṇāsavo ’’ ti niṭṭhaṃ gacchanti.

So aparena samayena kālaṃ karoti. Samantā bhikkhācāragāmehi manussā āgantvā pucchanti ‘‘ kenaci, bhante, thero pañhaṃ pucchito ’’ ti. Upāsakā pubbeva therena pañho kathito amhākanti. Te pupphamaṇḍapaṃ pupphakūṭāgāraṃ sajjetvā suvaṇṇena akkhipidhānamukhapidhānādiṃ karitvā gandhamālādīhi pūjetvā sattāhaṃ sādhukīḷikaṃ kīḷetvā jhāpetvā aṭṭhīni ādāya cetiyaṃ karonti. Aññe āgantukā vihāraṃ āgantvā pāde dhovitvā ‘‘ mahātheraṃ passissāma, kahaṃ, āvuso, mahāthero ’’ ti pucchanti. Parinibbuto, bhanteti. Dukkaraṃ, āvuso, therena kataṃ maggaphalāni nibbattentena, pañhaṃ pucchittha, āvusoti. Bhikkhūnaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathento iminā niyāmena kathesi, bhanteti. Na eso, āvuso, maggo, vipassanupakkileso nāmesa, na tumhe jānittha, puthujjano, āvuso, theroti. Te kalahaṃ karontā uṭṭhahitvā ‘‘ sakalavihāre bhikkhū ca bhikkhācāragāmesu manussā ca na jānanti, tumheyeva jānātha. Kataramaggena tumhe āgatā, kiṃ vo vihāradvāre cetiyaṃ na diṭṭha ’’ nti. Evaṃvādīnaṃ pana bhikkhūnaṃ sataṃ vā, hotu sahassaṃ vā, yāva taṃ laddhiṃ nappajahanti, saggopi maggopi vāritoyeva.

Aparopi tādisova kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathento evaṃ katheti – citteneva tīsu uddhanesu tīṇi kapallāni āropetvā heṭṭhā aggiṃ katvā citteneva attano dvattiṃsākāraṃ uppāṭetvā kapallesu pakkhipitvā citteneva daṇḍakena parivattetvā parivattetvā bhajjitabbaṃ, yā jhāyamāne chārikā hoti, sā mukhavātena palāsetabbā. Ettakena dhūtapāpo nāmesa samaṇo hoti. Sesaṃ purimanayeneva vitthāretabbaṃ.

Aparo evaṃ katheti – citteneva mahācāṭiṃ ṭhapetvā matthuṃ yojetvā citteneva attano dvattiṃsākāraṃ uppāṭetvā tattha pakkhipitvā matthuṃ otāretvā manthitabbaṃ. Mathiyamānaṃ vilīyati, vilīne upari pheṇo uggacchati. So pheṇo paribhuñjitabbo. Ettāvatā vo amataṃ paribhuttaṃ nāma bhavissati. Ito paraṃ ‘‘ atha te bhikkhū ’’ tiādi sabbaṃ purimanayeneva vitthāretabbaṃ.

https://user.qzone.qq.com/823597630/blog/1541175324


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