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西达古西亚多生平简介

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发表于 2017-11-1 12:11:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
A Brief Biography of Dr. Ashin Nyanissara

阿辛·尼亚尼萨拉博士生平简介




The Venerable Sayadaw Ashin Nyanissara was born on February 23rd, 1937, in the town of Thegon, Pegu Division, in central Myanmar.阿辛·尼亚尼萨拉西亚多出生于1937年2月23日在中缅甸的勃固(Pegu)省的特贡(Thegon)镇。
At the age of seven, he went to the local monastery to study. There he learned his education and Buddhist scriptures. At the age of fifteen he was ordained as a samanera (novice) and he later received his higher ordination as a Buddhist monk at the age of twenty in Thegon.
在七岁那年他就到当地寺院学习,在那里接受教育并学习佛教经典。在15岁那年他受了沙弥戒,后来在20岁的时候在特贡受具足戒。
He passed his primary, middle and higher examinations respectively in Pali Buddhist scripture in the years 1956, 1957 and 1958. He earned a master's degree in Buddhist Doctrine at Khin-ma-gan Pali University in Mandalay. He then completed a diploma course in foreign language (English) at the Sangha University in Yangon, for the propagation of Buddhism.
他分别在1956年1957年和1958年通过了初级、中级和高级巴利佛教经典考试。他在曼德勒的津玛甘巴利大学(Khin-ma-gan Pali 大学)获得佛教教义硕士学位。为了传播佛法,他在仰光的僧伽大学完成了外语(英语)证书课程。
In 1965, he founded BBM College in the town of Lay-Myet-Hna in the delta region of Lower Myanmar, and worked as the headmaster and chief administrator of that institution until 1968. In 1968, he moved his residence to Sagaing Hills in Upper Myanmar and began to teach Buddhist scriptures to the monks, nuns and novices. He also continued his study of English, as well as trained in Buddhist homiletics under the guidance of Venerable Ashin Pandita (Aggamahapandita) Anisakhan Saydaw for the purpose of preaching to lay Myanmar Buddhists. He remained in Sagaing Hills until 1975.
在1965年他在下缅甸的三角区的礼密那(Lay-Myet-Hna)镇创立了BBM学院,担任学院院长和主管直到1968年。在1968年他搬到上缅甸的实皆山居住,并且开始给比丘、戒尼和沙弥教授佛教经典。他也继续英语学习,同时在最上大智者阿尼斯坎(Anisakhan)西亚多[ 这位西亚多是当年为了召开第六次经典集结和马哈希尊者一起出使东南亚各国的四位长老之一。]的指导下接受佛教弘法训练,以便给缅甸在家佛教徒讲法。他居住在实皆山一直到1975年。
Between the years 1975-78, he lived in seclusion and practised meditation at the forest monastery of Thabaik Aing Taw-ya in Mon State Lower Myanmar. In 1979, he established his own monastery, Sitagu Vihara in Sagaing Hills, and resumed teaching the Buddhist doctrine and scripture to the monks, nuns and novices of the surrounding region.
在1975年到1978年之间,他在下缅甸的孟邦拓柏安多亚森林道场(the forest monastery of Thabaik Aing Taw-ya)闭关修行。在1979年他在实皆山建立了他自己的寺院西达古寺(Sitagu Vihara),并且在周围地区重新开始给比丘、戒尼和沙弥教导佛教教理和经典。
In 1981, he began collecting donations for the construction of a water supply system that would eventually provide clean drinking water to over eight hundred monasteries and eight thousand residents of Sagaing Hills.
在1981年他开始募集资金建造供水系统,希望最终给实皆山的八百寺院和八千居民提供清洁饮水。
In 1987, he began the construction of a one hundred bed hospital for the monks, nuns, novices and poor people of Sagaing. The hospital is fully equipped with surgical and X-ray units, an optical surgical unit, an inpatient ward and outpatient ward, and has a permanent staff of doctors, nurses and non-professional workers.
在1987年他开始为实皆山的比丘、戒尼、沙弥和穷人建造一个具有一百个床位的医院。这个医院充分地装备了外科手术和x射线仪器以及光学手术仪器,有住院部和门诊部,固定的医生、护士团队和其它工作人员。
In 1994, he began the construction of the International Buddhist Academy, its goal is to teach and train missionary student monks and nuns in the hopes of further spreading the Buddha's teachings. The Academy is currently under construction in Sagaing Hills, Myanmar.在1994年他开始建设国际佛学院,其目标是教导和训练传法的学僧和戒尼,希望能够进一步弘扬佛法。学院目前正在建造中,地址在缅甸实皆山。
In 1981, he took his first foreign missionary journey to six countries in South and Southeast Asia. Since then he has completed over twelve missionary journeys to more than thirty countries around the world. During his visits to the United States he has lectured at many universities, including Vanderbilt University, Fisk University, Indiana State University, and Tennessee State University.
在1981年他第一次到国外弘法,到了南亚和东南亚的六个国家。从那以后,他进行了12次弘法之旅,足迹遍布全世界30多个国家。在他访问美国期间,他在多所大学作过演讲,包括范德堡大学(Vanderbilt Univesity)、费斯克大学(Fisk University)、印第安纳州立大学和田纳西州立大学。
In 1996, he founded the Sitagu Buddha Vihara in Austin, TX USA as a center for propagating the Sasana in the West. In 2012 the Vihara was expanded.
在1996年,他在美国的德州奥斯汀创建了西达古佛寺,以便在西方国家弘扬佛法。寺院在在2012年进行了扩建。
Besides being a teacher of Buddhism and organising and administering various charitable projects in Myanmar over the years; he has published thirty-eight books and articles in the Myanmar language, since 1979, on the subject of Buddhism. He has published five booklets in English and is currently working on several more manuscripts for English publication.
多年来,他除了在缅甸作为教导佛法的导师和组织管理各种慈善项目,从1979年到现在他用缅文发布和出版了佛教方面的38本书和文章。他还用英文出版了五本小册子,还有几本待出版的英文书籍的手稿正在撰写中。

http://sitagu.org/austin/About/Nyanissara/Nyanissara.html
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