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《自心经》

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发表于 2020-12-17 00:39:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
《自心经》

雷瓦达尊者

在描述正精进时,佛陀教导我们要调伏不善心,并培育增长善心。此教导可见于《增支部·十集》的《自心经》(Sacittasutta)。在经中,佛陀说:

“诸比库,若比库不善巧于他人之心的习性;诸比库, 他应当学习善巧于自心的习性。”

这是说如果我们不善巧于了知他人的心念与心的习性,我们应训练自己善巧于了知自己的心念与心的习性。

佛陀接着说:

“诸比库,比库如何善巧于自心的习性呢?诸比库, 正如一个想装扮的女人、男人、男孩或青年,在洁净、干净、清澈的镜中或水中检视自己的面容。那时,若看到[脸上有]尘垢或斑点,他会努力去除这尘垢或斑点。那时, 若不见[脸上有]尘垢或斑点,他将满意地思惟:‘我确实 已得!我确实清净!’”

“同样,诸比库,比库省察自身于诸善法有多益。‘我 心是否为垂涎于他人财物之贪欲所占据?是否为瞋恚想所占据?昏沉与睡眠?掉举?疑惑?多怒?欲乐想?身躁动?懈怠?无定?’”

简言之,我的心是否被贪瞋痴三种烦恼所占据?

唯有这样持续自省,我们才能了知自心是为烦恼所困, 亦或已从中解脱。如此具念,将能策励我们以更强的精进舍离不善法(不善巧的素质)。佛陀的教导时至今日仍然有效,就如 2500 年前一样。

今天,世界各地的人们都钟爱美丽的外表。他们不断在镜中端详自己的容颜,试图找出尘污,查看自己的头发是否散乱,想方设法令自己更貌美动人。为此花去的时间实在太多!然而当烦恼浮现于心头,又有多少人把时间用来反省自己的贪欲、瞋恚、愚痴、嫉妒、妒忌、悭吝、我 慢等等?我想〔能这么做的〕实在很少。

能觉知烦恼的生起并愿意调伏它们的人是多么的稀有!其他人只是任烦恼为所欲为,随它们在心中肆意蔓延。 而且似乎这样仍不足够,烦恼还为媒体所推动而变本加厉, 以此确保我们对它执迷不返。

在此,我再问你们一个问题:容貌美与心灵美,哪一 个更重要?答案难道不应该是心灵美么?我们得以投生为人,并非由于我们美化自己的容颜,乃是因为我们美化与净化自心。

既然如此,我们是否应该调换“时间与努力的比例”? 如果我们能用更多的时间精进于培育善法与去除不善法, 而少花时间和精力在美貌与自赏上,是否更好?若非如此, 我们怎能保护自己?

还记得佛陀在《自护经》中说的吗?

“防护一切处者善。

防护一切处的有耻者, 称为保护者。”

摘自《觉醒吧,世界!》

#Sayadaw Revata

In describing Right Effort, Lord Buddha advises us to suppress unwholesome mental states and to develop wholesome mental states. This advice is given in the Sacitta Sutta (sutta of Self-Examination) from the Aïguttara Nikāya, Chapter of Ten (X.51). In this sutta, the Buddha states:

“Bhikkhus, if a bhikkhu is not skillful in the habit of other’s thoughts, he should train himself to be skillful in the habit of his own mind.” This means that if we are not skillful in reading the thoughts and habits of other minds, we should train ourselves to be skillful in knowing the thoughts and habits of our own mind.

The Buddha continues:

“Just as a man or woman is fond of self-beautification, examining the image of his or her own face in a bright clear mirror or a bowl of clear water; just so, if he or she sees any dirt or blemish on the face, he or she will try to remove it. If he or she sees no dirt or blemish, she will be pleased, thinking, ‘How clean am I. How fortunate am I!’

“In the same way, bhikkhus, self-examination is for the improvement of skillful qualities (kusala dhamma). A bhikkhu should examine himself, asking, ‘Is my mind clogged with much desire to get the possessions of others? Is it clogged with thoughts of ill-will? With sloth and torpor? With restlessness? Often with doubt? With much anger? With sensual thoughts? With thoughts of exhaustion? With lazi- ness? With distraction?”

In short, is my mind clogged with the three defilements of greed, hatred and delusion?’

It is only through this constant self-examination, that we can know whether our minds are clogged with defilements or free of them. Being mindful in this way will encourage us to put forth greater effort to abandon unwholesome (unskillful qualities). This advice, given by Lord Buddha, is as valid today as it was over 2,500 years ago.

Today people all over the world love physical beauty. They constantly look at their faces in mirrors to spot dirt and blemishes, checking whether their hair is in place, looking for various ways to enhance their physical image. So much time is spent in this way! But how many people take time to examine themselves for greed, anger, delusion, jealousy, envy, stinginess, pride, etc., when these defilements rise to the surface of the mind? I think very few indeed.

How rare it is to find an individual who can recognize the arising of defilements and then willingly suppress them. The rest of us give free rein to our defilements and allow them to run rampant in our mind. As if this were not enough our defilements are promoted and bolstered by the media to make sure that we all become addicted to them.

At this point, let me ask you another question. What is more beautiful: a beautiful face or a beautiful mind? Shouldn’t the answer be beautiful mind? It is not because of beautifying our faces that we are reborn as humans. It is because of beautifying and purifying our minds.

That being so, shouldn’t we reverse the ‘time-and-effort scale’? Wouldn’t it be better if we spent more time putting forth effort to cultivate wholesome qualities and eradicate unwholesome qualities and less time and effort on physical beauty and self-admiration? If we do not do this how will we be protected? Remember what the Buddha said in the Attarakkhita Sutta?

“Restraint everywhere is good. Conscientious, everywhere restrained, One is said to be protected.”

Quote from < Awaken, Oh World!>


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