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The Bhikkhu Patimokkha

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发表于 2021-1-29 10:47:10 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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The Patimokkha forms the core of the Vinaya Pitaka, the second division in the Tipitaka, which contains the rules Buddhist monks and nuns must live by.

The meaning of the word pàtimokkha is unclear but it may mean something like ‘obligation’ or ‘binding promise.’ The original Pàtimokkha was a collection of aphorisms summarising the Buddha’s teachings but gradually this evolved into a code of behaviour; with 227 rules for monks and an extra 84 rules for nuns.

The rules are divided into eight parts according to the severity of the punishment they entail if infringed. The most important of these rules are the four Pàràjika, which entails expulsion from the monastic community if broken. They are (1) having sexual intercourse, (2) theft, (3) murder and (4) falsely claiming to have spiritual attainments. Other important rules are the thirteen Saïghàdisesa, which if infringed must be confessed. While some of the rules deal with moral issues most are about etiquette, monastic protocol and behaviour conducive to harmonious communal living.

This book is an in depth study and word by word translation of the Bhikkhu Patimokkha.The main part of this book is a translation of the Pali text; also included are a critical edition of the Pali text, discussions of technical terms, analysis of the structure of the Patimokkha and comparisons with rules in the Patimokkha sutras of other early Buddhist schools.

The companion volume to this book - the Bhikkhu Patimokkha, is a concise version, while this book is suited more for those who wish to study the Patimokkha in depth.

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