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缅甸民族宗教庆祝大会

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发表于 2015-10-5 23:18:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 nanadipa 于 2015-10-5 23:29 编辑

缅甸民族宗教庆祝大会



缅甸仰光消息,仰光丁甘郡镇区杜瓦纳(thuwunna)体育场,10月4日举办民族宗教保护法,成功出台胜利庆祝纪念会,全国各地僧人、居士、民众们纷纷赶至参加,参加人数爆棚。

据了解,胜利庆祝纪念会,举办时间为10月4日午间2时。但计划参加民众们,早早于10时就开始抵达体育场等候,以至于举办时间未开始时,体育场就已满场,因而不得不关闭体育场,后期赶至者只能在体育场外参与活动。

About 10,000 people attend a rally in Rangoon celebrating the passage of four controversial laws proposed by Buddhist nationalists and endorsed by President Thein Sein.

民族宗教保护法,相关法律为:

1.计划生育健康保护法,
2.缅甸佛教徒女性特殊婚姻法,
3.更改宗教信仰相关管理法,
4.一夫一妻法等4部法律。

法律成功出台,获得宗教人士及民众们极大支持,但也被质疑部分法律条款,有违人权。

该胜利庆祝纪念会由 缅甸民族宗教信仰维护组织 (玛巴达佛教组织 Ma Ba Tha),安排举办。

RANGOON — Thousands gathered on a sweltering Sunday in Rangoon, fanning off sweat as they listened intently to some of Burma’s most renowned Buddhist monks expound on the import of protecting the nation’s dominant faith.

The Association for the Protection of Race and Religion, known locally by the Burmese acronym Ma Ba Tha, conjured more than 10,000 supporters to Thuwunna National Stadium 1, an indoor venue in the former capital, for several hours of reflection on a quartet of controversial laws viewed by many as discriminatory toward women and religious minorities, particularly Muslims.

The so-called “protection of race and religion laws,” first proposed by Ma Ba Tha and swiftly pushed through the legislature, create restrictions on interfaith marriage, birth spacing, polygamy and conversion. Sunday’s event, which drew supporters from as far afield as Shan and Karenni states, marked the end of a nationwide tour celebrating the “triumph” of the movement’s successful lobby for the laws.

One of the group’s central figures, U Tiloka Bhivumsa, inaugurated the ceremony by acknowledging the support of President Thein Sein in bringing the bills to a parliamentary drafting committee. Once drafted, they passed easily through the legislature before other items such as new mining and investment measures. The 77-year-old monk told the audience that he personally solicited the help of the president on the matter after the group had secured some five million signatures in support of the bills.

“When we made our initial request to the parliament drafting committee, we faced objection from lawmakers,” he said as the closely packed crowd of monks, nuns and laypeople looked attentively on, some watching the service from Smartphone screens held overhead in the standing room landings. The president, he continued, “said that kind of law is really necessary for the country, and that he would help send them to the parliament.”

Thein Sein then assured him that he would “do what he can” to bring about the measures. The president ordered a new commission to hotfoot the bills in March of last year, and by December they had already reached the parliament floor. The first, and some would say most controversial, was signed into law in May—the Population Control Healthcare Law. The remainder cleared both houses during the final legislative session before a Nov. 8 general election, which could rebalance power to some degree.

图片来源:米兹玛新闻社













玛巴达佛教组织 Ma Ba Tha(缅甸种族与宗教保护会 The Patriotic Association of Myanmar,PAB ):

The Patriotic Association of Myanmar (Burmese: အမျိုးသား ဘာသာ သာသနာ စောင့်ရှောက်ရေး အဖွဲ့), abbreviated Ma Ba Tha (မဘသ) in Burmese and variously translated into English as Association for the Protection of Race and Religion, Organization for the Protection of Race and Religion and Committee for the Protection of Nationality and Religion is a Buddhist organization based in Myanmar (Burma).Some PAB members are connected to the nationalist and 969 Movement, although others have actively championed inferfaith dialogue and tolerance.


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 楼主| 发表于 2015-10-5 23:26:39 | 显示全部楼层
【缅甸中文网】7月7日,饱受争议的我国种族保护法中的缅甸佛教徒女性婚姻法案正式通过联邦议会审批,获准颁布。


   7月7日举行的联邦议会会议中,国民议会与民族议会就该法案的分歧点进行了深入辩论,经辩论,最终达成共识,审批通过了该法案。


    对于该法案,钦邦议员发表不同看法,表示法案或将影响信仰不同的民族之间和谐问题,严重侵犯了信仰自由的权利及人权。除此,议员还称,在国际范围内,该法案与人权、民主权利极为不符,所以多数国家并不支持我国出台该法案,要求取消该法案。


    部分议员也反驳了钦邦议员观点,表示法案旨在保护我国佛教徒女性与其它宗教男性的婚姻。法案中,涵括了结婚事宜、离婚事宜、遗产事宜、资产分配事宜、儿女监护权利等事宜。


转:
维拉督大师,现年46岁,是缅甸一个著名的僧侣,有评论说是国际知名极端民族主义高僧。维拉督在2003 年被捕并判处 25年监禁,遭受九年监禁后于2012年初缅甸大赦组织解救政治犯的运动中被释放。2010年维拉督仍在监狱里服刑时获得“宗教自由奖”,2013年2月24日星期天晚上在曼德勒颁发“宗教自由奖”给有争议的和尚维拉督,奖项由英国支持的缅甸萨桑-兰昔大寺院代颁。从他被释放之日起就成为了“969运动”的一名主要领导人。“969运动”是缅甸佛教极端主义组织,号召缅甸民众抵制穆斯林商店,宣扬反穆斯林思想,被认为是最近缅甸教派冲突的幕后推手之一。

  2012年9月,维拉督主导数以百计缅甸佛教僧侣今天走上街头,支持总统吴登盛(Thein Sein)将穆斯林少数族裔罗兴亚人驱逐出境或限制居住营区的建议。

  2013年6月,维拉督提出修改法律,必须规定佛教徒女性不得嫁给其他宗教信仰、种族。需要皈依佛教方得合法婚配。得到缅甸总统吴登盛和联邦国会主席杜雅瑞曼支持。维拉督大师民族主义佛教僧侣强势提出的“保卫民族佛教”四法案如下:


  1、“宗教皈依法案”:制止强迫佛教妇女和女孩以婚姻关系皈依伊斯兰教
  2、“婚姻法案”:禁止穆斯林男性与佛教女性之间的婚姻
  3、实行“一夫一妻法案”禁止穆斯林一夫多妻制
  4、“人口控制法案”:阻止穆斯林疯狂繁殖



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